Does this look familier to you? Do you know of anyone suffering from the Pain Cycle?
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A scientist at the University of Liverpool has found that hypnosis can slow down the impacts of dementia and improve quality of life for those living with the condition.
Forensic psychologist, Dr Simon Duff, investigated the effects of hypnosis on people living with dementia and compared the treatment to mainstream health-care methods. He also looked at how hypnosis compared to a type of group therapy in which participants were encouraged to discuss news and current affairs.
They found that people living with dementia who had received hypnosis therapy showed an improvement in concentration, memory and socialisation compared to the other two treatment groups. Relaxation, motivation and daily living activities also improved with the use of hypnosis.
Dr Duff said: "Over a nine month period of weekly sessions, it became clear that the participants attending the discussion group remained the same throughout. The group who received 'treatment as usual' showed a small decline over the assessment period, yet those having regular hypnosis sessions showed real improvement across all of the areas that we looked at.
"Participants who are aware of the onset of dementia may become depressed and anxious at their gradual loss of cognitive ability and so hypnosis – which is a tool for relaxation – can really help the mind concentrate on positive activity like socialisation."
Further research will now take place to establish whether hypnosis maintains its effects on dementia as the illness progresses, over longer periods of time.
Dr Dan Nightingale, co-author of the research and leading dementia consultant at the Abacus Clinic in Newark, added: "Evidence to date has shown that we can enhance the quality of life for people living with dementia through the correct use of hypnosis. We have now developed a course for clinicians who wish to incorporate hypnosis into health care plans."
Psychoneuroimmunology is a field of medicine that has been significantly expanding since the mid 1990's. It is producing an ever-growing body of evidence that supports a link between the mind, body and soul that is facilitated by hypnosis. Psychoneuroimmunology has furthered an understanding of the link that exists between psychological process and immune system functioning, one that is now part of the medical canon in the understanding of the variety of presenting symptoms where immune dysregulation is present: for example, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, arthritis, type 2 diabetes and cancer.
It is now recognised that the influencing of emotional factors through hypnosis has both a direct and indirect action on improving immune system functioning and consequently the health of a patient and the course of a disease. The below article is an excellent description of how stress plays a major factor in immune function.
Hypnotherapy appears to be an effective long-term treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with sufferers feeling the benefits for at least five years, new research claims.
More than 200 patients with IBS were monitored after undergoing gut-directed hypnotherapy, each recording their symptoms, quality of life and levels of anxiety and stress before and after treatment.
The researchers found that almost three-quarters (71%) of patients responded well to hypnotherapy and most did not deteriorate over time.
They concluded that "the beneficial effects of hypnotherapy appear to last at least five years", making it "a viable therapeutic option" for treating IBS.
The results of their study, published in the journal Gut, also showed that women were more likely to respond to hypnotherapy than men.
The research was carried out by a team at Withington Hospital in Manchester, where the UK's first NHS hypnotherapy unit has been established.
As many as one in five people in Britain goes on to develop IBS, with symptoms including stomach pain, diarrhoea and constipation.
The researchers said that around half the work done by gastroenterologists concerned IBS. They also pointed out that conventional treatments for the condition did not always prove successful.
Using 204 completed questionnaires, the researchers were able to assess the effects of hypnotherapy immediately after and six years after hypnotherapy sessions lasting one hour for up to 12 weeks.
Among those who responded well, all patients registered a significant improvement in symptoms compared with before treatment.
They also found there was little difference in how the patients rated the improvement for more than five years after treatment.
There was also improvement in quality of life and levels of anxiety and depression, although this decreased over time.
However, patients said there took fewer drugs and did not need to see their doctors as often after having hypnotherapy.
The researchers maintained that the sustained improvements in most of the patients could not be attributed to other treatments - as less than one in 10 attempted alternatives after finishing hypnotherapy.
They said that while past research had demonstrated the benefits of hypnotherapy in the short term, their study showed that it also worked over longer periods.
"A potential criticism for the use of hypnotherapy as a treatment for IBS has been that it is costly to provide because of the demands on therapists' time.
"However, because of its sustained effects in the majority of patients, costs of treatment could be rapidly offset by the ensuing reduction in cost of medication and other healthcare demands," the report said.
A really interesting study to show that the suggestion / placebo knee surgery for osteoarthritis is more beneficial than having the surgery itself, a breakthrough for hypnosis!
Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who underwent placebo arthroscopic surgery were just as likely to report pain relief as those who received the real procedure, according to a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Baylor College of Medicine study published in the July 11 New England Journal of Medicine.
The researchers say their results challenge the usefulness of one of the most common surgical procedures performed for osteoarthritis of the knee.
"The fact that the effectiveness of arthroscopic lavage or debridement in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee is no greater than that of placebo surgery makes us question whether the dollars spent on these procedures might not be put to better use," said lead investigator Dr. Nelda P. Wray, a health services researcher at the Houston VA Medical Center and Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.
In the study, 180 patients with knee pain were randomized into three groups. One group received debridement, in which worn, torn, or loose cartilage is cut away and removed with the aid of a pencil-thin viewing tube called an arthroscope. The second group underwent arthroscopic lavage, in which the bad cartilage is flushed out. The third group underwent simulated arthroscopic surgery; small incisions were made, but no instruments were inserted and no cartilage removed.
Dr. Bruce Moseley, a clinical associate professor of orthopedics at Baylor, recruited all the patients in the study and performed all surgeries both real and placebo. Dr. Baruch Brody, director of the Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy at Baylor, was instrumental in critically assessing the ethical issues involved in the study and in developing the stringent consent process for the study.
Of the 324 participants who met inclusion criteria for the study, 44 percent declined to participate, demonstrating they understood that they might not receive the actual surgery. Before undergoing surgery, participants also wrote in their chart, "On entering this study, I realize that I may receive only placebo surgery. I further realize that this means that I will not have surgery on my knee joint. This placebo surgery will not benefit my knee arthritis."
During two years of follow-up, patients in all three groups reported moderate improvements in pain and ability to function. However, neither of the intervention groups reported less pain or better function than the placebo group. Indeed, the placebo patients reported better outcomes than the debridement patients at certain points during follow-up. Throughout the two years, the patients were unaware of whether they had received real or placebo surgery.
In past clinical trials of arthroscopic knee surgery, the majority of patients reported pain relief. Though others have suggested that improvement results from flushing out of the knee joint or the removal of cartilage, these studies did not compare the actual procedures to placebo. The authors of the new study say their findings raise questions about what really causes the improvements seen with lavage or debridement. Their results suggest the same therapeutic benefits may be achieved through non-invasive placebo surgery.
Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis, and commonly occurs in the knee. Symptoms include pain, stiffness, and swelling. Treatment typically involves pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory drugs, along with heat-therapy and exercise. When these fail, surgery is often recommended. In the United States, it is estimated that more than 650,000 arthroscopic debridement or lavage procedures are performed each year, many of these for arthritis, at a cost of about $5,000 each.
"This study has important policy implications," Wray said. "We have shown that the entire driving force behind this billion dollar industry is the placebo effect. The health care industry should rethink how to test whether surgical procedures, done purely for the relief of subjective symptoms, are more efficacious than a placebo."
The research was funded by VA and conducted through the agency's Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, based at the Houston VA Medical Center. The Center is co-funded by the department of medicine at Baylor.
The below story is another example of why you should have a virtual gastric band fitted under hypnosis as opposed to going through the side effect laden surgical op
Pauline Boyle, right, thought that having weight-loss surgery was the ideal way to end years of yo-yo dieting. But she almost paid the ultimate price for her new slimline frame...
At a family party to celebrate her sister’s birthday, Pauline Boyle found herself being showered with compliments. Relatives who hadn’t seen her for a while did double takes. ‘I barely recognised you,’ said one. ‘You’ve never looked so well,’ said another. Even her teenage nephews teased that Auntie Pauline was looking hot.
Behind her blushes, Pauline was elated. For most of her adult life her weight had hovered around 18 stone. Now she was almost half that. After years of yo-yo dieting, she had finally taken the plunge and had a gastric band fitted to reduce the capacity of her stomach. The pounds had fallen away and, 20 months on, she weighed nine and a half stone.
Her dress size had dropped from 24 to 12 and, with the added help of twice-weekly sessions at the gym, she was fitter than she had ever been. Pauline made no secret of how she had achieved her transformation. ‘I was happy to tell people that having a gastric band had turned my life around,’ she says.
But what she couldn’t have known was that it was about to go horribly wrong. Within weeks of that party, she became desperately sick, her vital organs began to close down, and she was fighting for her life.
Pauline, a 49-year-old nursery nurse from Ruislip, Middlesex, had suffered a rare and little-publicised complication that affects less than four per cent of gastric band patients but can have deadly consequences. Her band had slipped, blocking the entrance to her stomach and making her incapable of digesting any food or drinking water.
A disastrous catalogue of misdiagnoses meant she went into pre-renal failure, and by the time she was admitted for emergency surgery, her stomach had been so badly starved of blood, she was just hours from having to have it removed. ‘I had no idea my health could be put at such risk,’ she says. ‘I don’t want anybody else to suffer in the way I did.’
Like most people who consider weight-loss surgery, Pauline’s decision to have a gastric band fitted was not made rashly. For many years, she explains, she convinced herself that she was not troubled by her size. Growing up, the daughter of a plumber father and housewife mother and the fifth of six children, she was naturally slim and active; it was only when she left school and started work in her late teens that the pounds began to pile on.
‘I worked for a bank and was at a desk most of the day. At night I was out drinking with friends and eating junk food, and by my early 20s I was obese,’ she says. For two decades her weight fluctuated between 16 and 18 stone. ‘Every so often, when my clothes got really tight or I was going on holiday,
I would make the effort to diet. But whatever weight I lost, I regained as soon as the diet stopped. I had friends who were thin and friends who were big like me – although I was always the biggest. But it didn’t worry me, because being big was part of who I was. The most I ever fantasised about was getting down to a size 16. If you had known me then, you’d have assumed I was fat but happy.’
Pauline had several relationships but never married. Then, in her late 30s and early 40s, a series of turning points made her re-evaluate her life. First, her mother died of lung cancer. Then she was made redundant from the bank where she had worked for 23 years. Although she had no family of her own, Pauline had always wanted to work with children. She decided to use her payoff to retrain as a nursery nurse. Before settling into a new job, however, she travelled to India and spent five months working with a rescue organisation in Calcutta – ‘a mind-blowing experience’.
On her return home, she not only felt different, she looked different, and discovered she had lost three stone. ‘I had gone down to a size 16, and for the first time in my life I was able to buy clothes from normal shops rather than the outsize chains.’ She worked with a personal trainer and took up running as well as gym work-outs. ‘I did a five kilometre fun run for Cancer Research and it felt like a phenomenal achievement. I was happier about myself than I’d ever been.’
But the euphoria didn’t last. Pauline’s elderly father was suffering from Alzheimer’s and she became heavily involved in his care. Gradually her weight crept back up, but instead of being able to shrug it off as she had in the past, her confidence plunged. ‘I was eating too much and I felt ashamed for being so out of control. Although I had changed on the inside, outwardly I had gone back to looking like the old me and that left me feeling depressed.’
Aware that the only person who could get her back on track was herself, Pauline researched the options for bariatric (obesity-reducing) surgery. Her doctor told her that she would be eligible for a gastric band on the NHS if she was prepared to wait a year. ‘But in 12 months, I might have put on another three stone, and I didn’t want to risk that,’ she says.
The private clinic that Pauline chose for her operation claims a 99 per cent success rate and celebrities among its clients. A consultant explained the procedure. The band – an inflatable silicone ring – is placed around the upper part of the stomach via keyhole surgery, creating a small pouch about the size of a golf ball. The pouch fills with food, leaving the larger part of the stomach empty. The message sent to the brain is that the entire stomach is full, which helps the patient to feel less hungry, eat smaller portions and lose weight.
Pauline’s band was fitted in March 2010 and required just one overnight stay in hospital. She used her mother’s inheritance to pay the £6,250 bill. ‘Mum had known how I struggled with my weight and she would have been happy to think she had given me a helping hand to sort out my life.’
The surgery went smoothly and the impact on Pauline’s appetite was instant: ‘I didn’t feel so hungry any more.’ The weight loss was gradual – 1lb to 2lb a week. In her first year, she went from 18 stone 1lb to 12 stone 10lb. ‘For months it just seemed as if I was pulling the belt tighter on my jeans, and then, at the 12-month point, I realised I would have to invest in a new wardrobe. Standing in shop changing rooms and having to ask assistants to fetch me smaller sizes was like an out-of-body experience. My self-esteem went back up. I was running around with the children at the nursery and exercising at the gym. I had always had big curly hair to balance my frame, but the curls no longer suited the slender me, so I had them cut off.’
Still the pounds dropped off and by December 2011, Pauline weighed nine and a half stone. But just as she was looking healthier than ever, she started to feel unwell. The first symptoms were intermittent bouts of vomiting. Then one day, while running at the gym, she felt a painful tightening at the top of her stomach where the band was fitted. She immediately made a clinic appointment, during which a nurse suggested that her band may need adjusting – gastric bands are filled with saline, which can be added to or extracted to tighten or loosen the fit. The nurse removed a small amount of saline and arranged for Pauline to have a review appointment in six weeks’ time.
Pauline seemed to recover, but four weeks later, on New Year’s Eve while out for a family meal, she began vomiting again. She went home to bed and assumed she had picked up a bug, but her sickness worsened. As well as being unable to hold down food, she became increasingly unable to drink water either.
After six days of struggling at home, she called the clinic for an emergency appointment. A nurse again tried to take fluid out of her band, but barely any could be extracted. The nurse said she needed an urgent X-ray, which would have to be arranged through another clinic within the same private medical group. Pauline was given a number to phone, but it was the weekend and when she called she was told she would have to wait until Monday. If she was feeling really unwell, the nurse at the second clinic advised her to go to an A&E department. Pauline should also have been told that any A&E department she went to would need to specialise in gastric-band problems, but this crucial information was not passed on. Her symptoms should have been ringing alarm bells, but no one took her seriously.
By the Sunday, Pauline had been vomiting for seven days and was becoming seriously dehydrated. Feeling too weak to drive, she took a taxi to her local hospital where she was put on a drip and immediately sent for X-rays of her chest and stomach.
The A&E doctor told her the X-ray showed no apparent problem with the band, but also stated that they were not experts in bariatric problems. Had she been seen by someone with expertise at this point, they would have picked up the slippage and arranged for immediate surgery before she became any more seriously ill. Instead, Pauline was sent home with some anti-sickness tablets, and the following day she phoned her private clinic, where she was told she would have to pay £250 for an X-ray, which would take two days to schedule. ‘By this time, I was feeling so dreadful I couldn’t believe they were going to make me wait another two days, but I didn’t have the strength to speak, let alone fight for more help.’
The X-ray on the Wednesday finally revealed the full extent of Pauline’s condition. Her band had slipped and was blocking the entrance to her stomach, which explained why she was unable to retain any food or fluids. She was seriously malnourished and her kidneys had begun to fail. She was in grave danger of losing her stomach, and possibly her life, and needed to undergo emergency surgery. Her sister Ann rushed her to London’s Charing Cross Hospital where a senior bariatric team was assembled at 10pm. By now, Pauline was vomiting constantly and her weight had dropped to eight and a half stone.
The surgeons removed Pauline’s gastric band, fortunately without any complications. ‘I was told afterwards that had I come in a day later, they would have been taking my stomach away. The blood supply to it had been cut off by the band and it was beginning to die.’ She spent five days in hospital on a liquid diet while her magnesium and phosphate levels were regulated. It was another month before she was well enough to return to work.
The part-time degree in early-years childcare, from which she was due to graduate this year, has had to be put on hold. ‘I feel my whole life has been thrown into turmoil and it is still not back on track,’ she says. Most worrying of all, with no gastric band in place, her weight has begun to sneak back up. ‘I am 12 stone, but my biggest fear is that it will spiral out of control.’
Pauline is seeking compensation from the clinic that fitted her gastric band, but so far there has been no admission of liability. ‘I feel very let down. My aftercare was disgraceful – no one wanted to take responsibility for me. We read a lot about the “miracle” effects of gastric bands, and they can help achieve dramatic weight loss, but people should also be aware that things can go terribly wrong. When they do, it is vital that those who are responsible for the surgery are made to pick up the pieces before it costs someone’s life.’
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/you/article-2177831/Weight-loss-surgery-My-gastric-band-nearly-killed-says-Pauline-Boyle.html#ixzz2hxir9efu
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A British schoolboy who was trapped in Abu Dhabi because of his acute fear of flying touched down in Britain today – after being hypnotised on the plane.
Joe Thompson, now 12, had been due to fly back to Britain with his family last June after his father's work contract ended.
But his acute fear of travel, including by boat or car, that developed in March 2012 meant he was unable to make the 4,500-mile journey back to Weston-super-Mare, Somerset.
Instead, Joe was forced to remain in the country with his father, Tony, 62, who looked after him while his mother worked in the UK.
Over the months, Joe tried four times to board a plane with his father - but each time he broke down in tears and refused to fly.
Today, a year and a half after he first developed his fear, he was back on British soil after being hypnotised on the plane.
The schoolboy, accompanied by his father Tony, 62, touched down at Heathrow following a session from internationally renowned hypnotherapist Russell Hemmings.
The schoolboy's mother Pauline, 50, was at the airport at 5.30am to welcome her son home.
This morning, Joe said: 'I’m so happy to be home. I can’t believe how cold it is here.
'I just want to get home and see my dog, I haven’t seen him for two years and I just want to give him a big hug.
'My mum and dad have been great and I’m so grateful to Russell for taking the time to help me. I just can’t wait to get home and get back to my life.'
Since being stranded out in the Gulf, Joe and his father have been renting and staying at friend’s houses to save money.
Speaking this morning Mr Thompson said: 'Words cannot describe how happy we all are.
'There were some dicey moments before he boarded the flight because he started getting very distressed.
'With Russell’s help he managed to get him onto the plane but soon after take-off he got very upset again.
'There was no event that prompted it. It just happened out of the blue. And the fear is quite acute.
The family moved from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, to Abu Dhabi when Mr Thompson got a job as a quality manager at a private hospital in 2009.
They were due to return to Britain in June 2012, but in March that year Joe developed his fear when he was due to fly from the UK back to Abu Dhabi with his mother.
When it came to board the flight, he was unable to get on the plane saying it was too long a journey.
The family re-booked the flight with a stopover in Turkey the next week to break up the journey and he successfully made it back to the Gulf.
However, later that month Mr Thompson and Joe, who would like to be a professional rugby player, were due to fly to Sri Lanka to take part in a rugby tournament.
Mr Thompson, a rugby coach, said: 'We got on the plane but Joe became so traumatised, the crew said he had to get off.
'It was terrible. I had 40 other children with me who were all taking part in the tournament.
'I couldn’t leave them so I had to let Joe get off. I called my wife and she came and picked him up.
Joe’s phobia baffled doctors and psychiatrists as he has flown long-haul all his life.
The family say they have spent about £40,000 trying to cure Joe's fear including several cancelled plane tickets and endless appointments with doctors.
Earlier this year his desperate father, a former aide to former deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, even tried to arrange for his son to board a cargo ship home.
But because the ship was sailing from the Saudi Arabian port of Jeddah, embassy officials refused to grant the Thompsons entry visas.
At the time, Mr Thompson said: 'I explained the situation and took a copy of the story to the Saudi Embassy but they still said no.
'I asked why and the official just kept saying, "We cannot help, we will not issue you a visa."
Now that he is home, Joe, who has missed more than a year of schooling, is expected to enroll as a student in at Churchill Academy in Weston-super-Mare later this month.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2448402/Schoolboy-stuck-Abu-Dhabi-18-months-acute-fear-flying-lands-Britain-hypnotised-plane.html#ixzz2h4XzRucZ
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