Overweight and obese men in a new study showed diminished quantity and quality of semen, suggesting that a weight problem might also affect fertility, researchers say. "The heavier the men, the higher the chances of a low sperm count," urologist Dr Keith Jarvi told Reuters Health. "I don't think that this message is well known or appreciated by men in general," said Jarvi, who was not involved in the new study.
Dr Michael Eisenberg, of Stanford University School of Medicine in California, and his colleagues recruited 468 couples in Texas and Michigan who were planning to conceive a child and tested several aspects of the men's semen.
Lower ejaculate volume
They also weighed the men and measured their waists and found that greater waist circumference and body mass index (BMI) – a measure of weight relative to height – were both linked to lower ejaculate volume. "All aspects of semen quality are important," Eisenberg said.
"Ejaculate has several chemicals that provide a safer environment for sperm. As such, if the volume is low it may be a problem."
Sperm count, another important metric, was lower among men with bigger waists. "The sperm count is just that: the number of sperm in each cc of semen," said Jarvi, director of the Murray Koffler Urologic Wellness Centre and Head of Urology at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, Canada.
Higher semen volume, within the optimal range between 2 and 5 millilitres, will overall have more sperm, Jarvi said. A volume under 1.5 mls may cause infertility, he said, but too much is not good either.
Results of the study
In the study, a typical man in the normal BMI range had an ejaculate volume of 3.3 ml, compared to 2.8 ml for men in the highest BMI category, severely obese.
Men with the largest waists, over 40 inches, had about 22 percent lower total sperm count compared to men with waist measurements under 37 inches.
There appeared to be no link to semen concentration, motility, vitality or physical appearance, according to the results published in the journal Human Reproduction.
About half of the men had already fathered children when the study took place and none of the couples were seeking help with infertility when they were recruited.
The researchers also did not follow up to see whether the men succeeded in having children later.
Most men exercised less than once per week, so the authors couldn't really examine what effects more exercise might have on sperm. "The big question is what does reduction in body weight do to the sperm counts in men starting with a low sperm count?" Jarvi said. "This is the question that my overweight patients ask."
An interesting study to show the effectiveness of treating fibromyalgia with hypnosis.
Please note that the methods used aren't client centered and individual sessions with me would have a marked increase in effectiveness as they would be tailor-made for you.
It's also worth noting the poor response to physical therapy, indicating an emotional/psychological causation to the problem.
In a controlled study, Haanen et al. (1991) randomly assigned 40 patients with fibromyalgia to groups that received either eight 1-hour sessions of hypnotherapy with a self-hypnosis home-practice tape over a 3-month period, or physical therapy (that included 12 to 24 hours of massage and muscle relaxation training) for 3 months. Outcome was assessed pre- and posttreatment and at 3-month follow-up. The hypnosis intervention included an arm-levitation induction and suggestions for ego strengthening, relaxation, improved sleep, and “control of muscle pain.” Compared with patients in the physical therapy group, the patients who received hypnosis showed significantly better outcomes on measures of muscle pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, distress, and patient overall assessment of outcome. These differences were maintained at the 3-month follow-up assessment and the average percent decrease in pain among patients who received hypnosis (35%) was clinically significant, whereas the percent decrease in the patients who received physical therapy was marginal (2%).
Is your doctor “putting a curse on you?" Odd as this may sound, this is what is occurring in much of how physicians approach their patients. Let’s look at the power of words in the healing process, using fibromyalgia pain and hypnosis as examples. We have progressed to the point where we can actually see the areas associated with fibromyalgia pain light up on brain scans. As an aside, there are not many people who still believe that the pain is not real, but the brain scan changes should help those few recover from being fools. Most sensations (whether it is hot, cold, wet or pain) can be modified using hypnosis. In this study, functional MRI scans were done to look for activation of pain areas in people with fibromyalgia. Interestingly, simply suggesting that pain would lower did decrease both the pain and MRI changes. This suggests that the suggestions your physician gives you (e.g., there is hope vs. "no one can get you well") become self fulfilling prophecies. If fact, statements like "no one can get you well" used to be called putting a "curse" on someone. Yet this is what physicians often do—ignoring how their words have the power to harm as well as heal.
What makes these 'curse' statements by physicians so nasty is that they are wrong and borne of ignorance. Most physicians these days are aware, almost exclusively, of only the most expensive medications, surgery and procedures. They believe this puts them scientifically on the cutting edge, not realizing that what they think is science is really slick advertising by drug companies masquerading as educational activities. A quick check of which companies sponsor a conference and what percentage of speakers are promoting these companies' products (for big bucks) should quickly disabuse one from thinking the conference is much more than an advertisement. Journals also are effected by the drug advertising (ever wonder why you never see ads for cars or golf clubs in medical journals? No one would be insane enough to pay for those ads—except that it buys "good relationships" with the journal's handlers. The silver lining to this problem is that the scientific literature is also full of studies showing effective treatment for many "untreatable" medical problems. These are usually so cheap, though, that doctors never hear about them (they tend to be in smaller journals with less drug ads). So what the physician is really saying is that "there are no extremely expensive medications for your problem that the drug company propaganda has indoctrinated me about, so I can't help you." Tell them thanks for their honesty, and go find a holistic physician who has looked at the rest of the science—and who usually can help. To do your own medical sleuthing, get a medical report on your illness from Jan Guthrie at the Health Resource. I never cease to be amazed at studies they find showing help for "untreatable" problems.
But back to the study... suggestions of pain relief given under hypnosis were even more effective at decreasing pain sensation and the amount of stimulation of pain areas in the brain. All this goes to show that your ability to affect the outcome of your illness should not be underrated. In fact, a large part of the Art of Medicine is working with you to mobilize your own internal healing abilities. That medicine has derisively called your ability to affect healing the "placebo effect," suggesting that only the doctor has the power to help you—and that anything you do on your own shows you are crazy—shows how aggressively the medical establishment works to disempower you. But you do have the ability to often heal yourself given good information. As it is said "Knowledge is Power!"
Vitamin D decreases pain in women with type 2 diabetes and depression, according to a study conducted at Loyola University Chicago. These findings were presented at an Oct. 24, 2013 research conference at Loyola’s Health Sciences Campus.Type 2 diabetes is associated with depression and pain, but few studies have looked at how pain may affect the treatment of depression in patients with type 2 diabetes and no studies have evaluated the role of vitamin D supplementation on this association.
Researchers in this study tested the efficacy of weekly vitamin D2 supplementation (50,000 IUs) for six months on depression in women with type 2 diabetes. Depression significantly improved following supplementation. In addition, 61 percent of patients reported shooting or burning pain in their legs and feet (neuropathic pain) and 74 percent reported numbness and tingling in their hands, fingers, and legs (sensory pain) at the beginning of the study. Researchers found a significant decrease in neuropathic and sensory pain at three and six months following vitamin D2 supplementation.
“Pain is a common and often serious problem for women with type 2 diabetes and depression,” said Todd Doyle, PhD, lead author and fellow, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Neurosciences, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine (SSOM). “While further research is needed, D2 supplementation is a promising treatment for both pain and depression in type 2 diabetes.”
Loyola researchers have received funding from the National Institute of Nursing Research to conduct a trial comparing the effects of two different doses of vitamin D3 supplements on health outcomes in women with diabetes.
“Vitamin D has widespread benefits for our health and certain chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes,” said Sue Penckofer, PhD, RN, study co-author and professor, Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing. “This NIH grant will allow us to shed greater light on understanding the role that this nutrient plays in managing the health of women with diabetes.”
Paul believes hypnosis is empowering and life-changing. Look around the website and get in touch should you have any queries